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The reflexive Left, the global Left, the futuro Left? The actuality of the revolution as it is interpreted by Lukács in the 21st century (2017)

ABSTRACT The Lukács’s theory of the actuality of the revolution sets out from the thesis of the “presence of the revolution”. In the first part of the study I argue by the fact that the works of Lukács in the twenties can also be interpreted as the attempt of drafting the revolution doctrine in which the Hungarian philosopher is studying the relation of the dimension of the so-called daily, the world historical and that of the constituent actuality to each other. In the second part of the study I put the question whether this frame of notions could be a starting point for the analysing position today. In my opinion, the precondition of this is that the original point of view of the “world historical actuality” should change to “historical actuality”: the presence of the revolution does not mean for me the theoretical hypothesis of the existence of a possible/probable world historical option to be realised, just the force and unavoidableness to change and revolutionize the existing political order. In the third part I try to interpret the phenomenon of the new millennium with the assistance of Lukács’ categories of the actuality of the revolution. In my opinion the present situation can be described along the theoretical scheme of the “three revolutions/the three Lefts”. In the course of this (1) I interpret the three situations that in the historical meaning result in the force of becoming revolutionised, the three inertial forces that weigh heavily on the existing political order. In parallel with this (2) I introduce the constituent logics, along which the revolutionary subjects of our days are developing and are crystallizing out – in the form of the reflexive Left, the global Left and future Left. I analyse it in details how the big political blocks of the “avoidance of changing” and the “changing” that oppose each other are being developed. According to the conclusion of the study, the revolution which is awaited by the Marxists (so did Lukács too), will never arrive any more – however, the revolution theory of Lukács can offer some help to the “big start again”.

Key words: revolution theory, post-Marxism, reflexive/fluid modernity, alter-globalisation movement, post-human/cyborg sociology, Outside-Inside logic, reality-Real